Samurai education

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There were to Lord Eirin's character many high points hard to measure, but as indicated by the elders the primary of these was the way he ruled the province by his civility. It goes without saying that he acted this way toward those in the samurai class, but he was polite in writing letters to the farmers and townspeople, and in addressing these letters he was gracious beyond normal practice. In this way, all were wanting to sacrifice their lives for him and become his allies. In a letter dated 29 January 1552, St Francis Xavier observed the easy which the Japanese understood prayers caused by the high level of literacy in Japan at that time: There are two types of writing in Japan, one used by men and the other by women, and for the most part both men and women, particularly of the nobility and the commercial class, have a literary education. The bonzes, or bonzesses, in their monasteries teach letters to the girls and boys, although rich and noble persons entrust the education of their kids to private tutors. Most of them can read, and this is a great help to them for the easy understanding of our common prayers and the chief points of our holy religion. In a letter to Father Ignatius Loyola at Rome, Xavier more noted the education of the upper classes: The Nobles send their sons to monasteries to be educated once they're eight years old, and they remain there till they're 19 or 20, learning reading, writing and religion, once they come out, they marry and apply themselves to politics. they're discreet, magnanimous and lovers of virtue and letters, honouring learned men much. In a letter dated eleven November 1549, Xavier portrayed a multi tiered educational system in Japan composed of "universities", "colleges", "academies" and hundreds of monasteries that served as a principle center for learning by the populace: But now we must give you an account of our stay at Cagoxima. We put into that port because the wind was adverse to our sailing to Meaco, which is the biggest city in Japan, and most famous as the residence of the King and the Princes. it's said that after four months are passed the favourable season for a voyage to Meaco will return, , then with the good help of God we shall sail thither. The distance from Cagoxima is three hundred leagues. We hear great stories about the size of Meaco: they say that it consists of more than ninety thousand dwellings. there's a famous University there, also as five chief colleges of students, and more than two hundred monasteries of bonzes, and of others who are like coenobites, called Legioxi, also as of women of the same kind, who are called Hamacutis. Besides this of Meaco, there are in Japan five other principal academies, at Coya, at Negu, at Fisso, and at Homia. they are situated round Meaco, with short distances between them, and each is frequented by about three thousand five hundred scholars. Besides these there's the Academy at Bandou, much the biggest and most famous in all Japan, and at a great distance from Meaco. Bandou is a big territory, ruled by six minor princes, one of whom is more powerful than the others and is obeyed by them, being himself subject to the King of Japan, who is called the Great King of Meaco. The things that are given out as to the greatness and celebrity of these universities and cities are so great as to make us think of seeing them 1st with our own eyes and ascertaining the truth, , then when we discovered and know how things really are, of writing an account of them to you. They say that there are some number of lesser academies besides those which we mentioned.